Lausanne 2020 events
Both competitions take place on the normal hill and consist of a trial round and two scored rounds (first and final).
The overall score in Ski Jumping is the sum of points from the two competition rounds (first and final round).
The total number of points for one round is calculated as the sum of:
- Points for jumping distance (metres converted to distance points)
- Points for jumping performance (style points awarded by the jumping judges)
- Points for in-run length difference (metres converted to gate compensation points)
- Points for tangential wind speed and direction (metres per second converted to wind compensation points)
The athlete with the most point wins.
Winner YOG Lillehammer 2016 Ladies: Erna Kilnec (SLO)
Winner YOG Lillehammer 2016 Men: Bor Pavlovcic (SLO)
The competition takes place on the normal hill and consists of a trial round and two scored rounds (first and final). Participation in the trial round is not mandatory.
Twenty team are expected to participate in the event. Teams are composed of one male ski jumper, one female ski jumper and one male Nordic Combined athlete, all of whom have already qualified.
In the team competition there are three groups for both the trial round and the two competition rounds. One competitor from each team is entered per group. Female competitors from Ski Jumping start in the first group, then male competitors from Nordic Combined in the second group and then male competitors from Ski Jumping in the third group. After the first round, only the top eight teams will continue to the final round. During the final round, the last group will start in reverse order of the team's rank after the second group.
The overall score in Ski Jumping is the sum of points from the two competition rounds (first and final round). The team with the most combined points wins.
Twenty teams are expected to take part in the event. Teams are made up on six athletes from the same NOC; one male and one female Cross-Country skier, one male and one female Ski Jumper, and one male and one female Nordic Combined athlete.
The event consists of one trial and one scored ski jump on the normal hill (NH) for four team members (female ski jumper, female Nordic Combined athlete, male Nordic Combined athlete, male ski jumper), and a 4 x 3.3km Cross-Country Relay free technique race for four team members (female Cross-Country skier, female Nordic Combined athlete, male Cross- Country skier male Nordic Combined athlete).
The Ski Jumping part of the event must take place before the Cross-Country race as the Ski Jumping results (differences in points) are converted into time differences to establish the Cross-Country starting order.
Get to know the sport of Ski Jumping
Over the past hundred years, Ski Jumping has evolved enormously with different jumping techniques allowing jumpers to achieve ever greater distances.
Beginnings in Norway
The origin of Ski Jumping can be traced to Ole Rye who jumped 9.5m in 1808. Norwegian Sondre Norheim is widely considered the father of modern ski jumping. In 1866 he won what has been described as the world’s first Ski Jumping competition with prizes, held at Ofte, Høydalsmo, Norway.
After World War I, Thulin Thams and Sigmund Ruud developed a new jumping style known as the Kongsberger Technique. This involved jumping with the upper body bent at the hips, a wide forward lean, and with arms extended at the front with the skis parallel to each other. Using this technique Sepp Bradl of Austria became the first to jump more than 100 metres when he jumped 101 metres in 1936.
In the mid-1950s, Swiss jumper Andreas Daescher became the first jumper to hold the arms backwards close to the body with a more extreme forward lean. Then in 1985, Swedish jumper Jan Bokloev started spreading the tips of his skis into a “V” shape. Initially ridiculed, this technique proved so successful that by 1992 all Olympic medallists were using this style.
Ski jumping has been part of the Olympic Winter Games since the first Games in Chamonix Mont-Blanc in 1924. The normal hill competition was included on the Olympic programme for the 1964 Innsbruck Games. From 1988, the team event was added as a third competition.
Olympic Channel Video: ski-jumping-sport-explainer-lausanne-2020
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