Lausanne 2020 events
Both Women’s and Men’s Tournaments consist of six teams, where teams are made up of 17 athletes (15 players and 2 goalkeepers). Five players and one goalkeeper in each team are on the ice. A game consists of three 15-minute periods followed by the Penalty-Shot Shootout Procedure, if the teams remain tied.
The Women's and Men's Tournaments are each made up of the preliminary round, the semi-finals and the Gold and Bronze games. In both tournaments, the preliminary round consists of two groups of three teams in which all teams play against each other once (total of 3 games). The top two ranked teams in each group qualify for the semi-finals. The semi-finals in each event consist of two games. The winners play in the gold medal game and the losers play in the bronze medal game.
Winner YOG Lillehammer 2016 Ladies: Sweden
Winner YOG Lillehammer 2016 Men: USA
In both tournaments, the eight participating teams will play against each other once which forms the preliminary round. The top four teams advance to Semi-Finals. Winners of the Semi-Finals advance to Gold Medal Games and the losing teams will play Bronze Medal Games.
A game will be played in an end zone of a normal ice rink. As such, two game will be played simultaneously. Given that there are no boards at the blue line of a normal ice rink, temporary hard boards will be used to separate the field of play from the neutral zone.
Each game will consist of three periods of 16 minutes. 50 seconds after the initial puck-drop, a buzzer will signal a line-change. The skaters on the ice cannot touch the puck after the buzzer and they must immediately skate to the player bench. The next line, when the buzzer signals the line-change, can immediately enter the ice and continue playing. There will not be any face-offs between line-changes. The goaltenders change every 8 minutes.
If the game is tied at the conclusion of the regular time, there will be a penalty-shot shootout. The shootout will follow sudden-death format from the beginning and thus it will allow one skater from each team to take a shot until a winner is determined.
Winner YOG Lillehammer 2016 : no event
Get to know the sport of Ice Hockey
Ice hockey is a fast, fluid and exciting team sport. It draws big crowds at the Olympic Games thanks to the drama and tension of the matches.
A Canadian past
Ice Hockey originated in Canada in the early 19th century, based on several similar sports played in Europe, although the word “hockey” comes from the old French word “hocquet”, meaning “stick”. Around 1860, a puck was substituted for a ball, and in 1879 two McGill University students, Robertson and Smith, devised the first rules.
The first recognised team, the McGill University Hockey Club, was formed in 1880 as hockey became the Canadian national sport and spread throughout the country. In 1892 the Governor General of Canada donated the Stanley Cup, which was first won by a team representing the Montreal Amateur Athletic Association.
The sport migrated south to the United States during the 1890s, and games are known to have taken place there between Johns Hopkins and Yale Universities in 1895. Ice Hockey spread to Europe around the turn of the century, and the first Olympic Games to include ice hockey for men were the 1920 Antwerp Summer Games.
Six-a-side men’s Ice Hockey has been on the programme of every edition of the Winter Games since 1924 in Chamonix. Women’s Ice Hockey was accepted as an Olympic sport in 1992, and made its official debut in 1998 in Nagano.
Unsurprisingly, Canada dominated the first tournaments. However, in 1956, and until its dissolution, the Soviet Union took over and became the number one team. It was interrupted only by USA victories in 1960 in Squaw Valley and in 1980 in Lake Placid.
Olympic Channel Video: ice-hockey-sport-explainer-lausanne-2020
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